Understanding happiness : a critical review of positive psychology
【作 者】Clifford Mayes
【出版社】Rowman & Littlefield Publishers (2016)
【索书号】B842.6 /P887u /E
【简 介】 In this introduction to Jung’s works, Mayes brings Jungian thought into contemporary culture, using modern-day situations as examples. Mayes describes and discusses Jungian terminology, concepts, and theories in a clear, accessible manner and reminds readers of Jung’s warning against concretization of language and dogma. Jung’s interest in world religions, multicultural perspectives, and lifespan development aligns him with current popular culture. Mayes covers Jung’s philosophical influences and integrates humanistic and transpersonal psychology into the blend and also addresses the cultural politics of sexual identity (current day anti-Jung sentiments). Establishing a solid foundation for studying the works of Jung, Mayes's book is a refreshing addition to Jungian scholarship, reminding readers that at the core of Jung's thought is the individual’s psycho-spiritual journey toward individuation. The volume includes extensive references.
The Making of Modern Economics: The Lives and Ideas of the Great Thinkers
【作 者】Mark Skousen
【出版社】Routledge; 3 edition (January 17, 2016)
【索书号】F0-09 /S628(3) /E
【简 介】 This book presents a bold, engaging and updated history of economics--the dramatic story of how the great economic thinkers built today's rigorous social science. Noted financial writer and economist Mark Skousen has revised this popular work, now in its third edition.
This comprehensive, yet accessible introduction to the major economic philosophers of the past 225 years begins with Adam Smith and continues through the present day. The text examines the contributions made by each individual to our understanding of the role of the economist, the science of economics, and economic theory. Boxes in each chapter highlight little-known and entertaining facts about the economists' personal lives that had an influence on their work.
A History of American Poetry
【作 者】Richard Gray
【出版社】Wiley-Blackwell (March 30, 2015)
【索书号】I712.072 /G781 /E
【简 介】 A History of American Poetry presents a comprehensive exploration of the development of American poetic traditions from their pre-Columbian origins to the present day. Richard Gray, one of the leading authorities on American literature, situates the story of American poetry within the historical, political, cultural, and societal contexts that contributed to shaping the genre. Through close readings of individual poems, Gray reveals how American poetry evolved to reflect the rich diversity and multicultural character of the United States. While the primary focus is on poetry of the 20th- and 21st-centuries, numerous formative and influential figures from the colonial and revolutionary eras through the 19th century are not overlooked, with coverage of voices ranging from Edward Taylor, Anne Bradstreet, and Phillis Wheatley to Poe, Whitman, and Dickinson. Presenting the full breadth of American poetry in an accessible and engagingly written manner, A History of American Poetry is an invaluable guide to all facets of this essential component of the nation’s rich literary heritage.
The Making of Friedrich Nietzsche: The Quest for Identity, 1844-1869
【作 者】Daniel Blue
【出版社】Cambridge University Press (July 19, 2016)
【索书号】B516.47 /B658 /E
【简 介】How did Nietzsche the philosopher come into being? The Nietzsche known today did not develop 'naturally', through the gradual maturation of some inborn character. Instead, from an early age he engaged in a self-conscious campaign to follow his own guidance, thereby cultivating the critical capacities and personal vision which figure in his books. As a result, his published works are steeped in values that he discovered long before he mobilized their results. Indeed, one could argue that the first work which he authored was not a book at all, but his own persona. Based on scholarship previously available only in German, this book examines Nietzsche's unstable childhood, his determination to advance through self-formation, and the ways in which his environment, notably the Prussian education system, alternately influenced and impeded his efforts to find his own way. It will be essential reading for all who are interested in Nietzsche.
The Language Animal: The Full Shape of the Human Linguistic Capacity
【编 者】Charles Taylor
【出版社】Belknap Press: An Imprint of Harvard University Press (March 14, 2016)
【索书号】H0 /T239 /E
【简 介】In seminal works ranging from Sources of the Self to A Secular Age, Charles Taylor has shown how we create possible ways of being, both as individuals and as a society. In his new book setting forth decades of thought, he demonstrates that language is at the center of this generative process.
For centuries, philosophers have been divided on the nature of language. Those in the rational empiricist tradition―Hobbes, Locke, Condillac, and their heirs―assert that language is a tool that human beings developed to encode and communicate information. In The Language Animal, Taylor explains that this view neglects the crucial role language plays in shaping the very thought it purports to express. Language does not merely describe; it constitutes meaning and fundamentally shapes human experience. The human linguistic capacity is not something we innately possess. We first learn language from others, and, inducted into the shared practice of speech, our individual selves emerge out of the conversation.
Taylor expands the thinking of the German Romantics Hamann, Herder, and Humboldt into a theory of linguistic holism. Language is intellectual, but it is also enacted in artistic portrayals, gestures, tones of voice, metaphors, and the shifts of emphasis and attitude that accompany speech. Human language recognizes no boundary between mind and body. In illuminating the full capacity of “the language animal,” Taylor sheds light on the very question of what it is to be a human being.
The social life of money
【作 者】Nigel Dodd
【出版社】Princeton University Press (September 28, 2014)
【索书号】F82-05 /D639 /E
【简 介】Questions about the nature of money have gained a new urgency in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. Even as many people have less of it, there are more forms and systems of money, from local currencies and social lending to mobile money and Bitcoin. Yet our understanding of what money is--and what it might be--hasn't kept pace. In The Social Life of Money, Nigel Dodd, one of today's leading sociologists of money, reformulates the theory of the subject for a postcrisis world in which new kinds of money are proliferating.
What counts as legitimate action by central banks that issue currency and set policy? What underpins the right of nongovernmental actors to create new currencies? And how might new forms of money surpass or subvert government-sanctioned currencies? To answer such questions, The Social Life of Money takes a fresh and wide-ranging look at modern theories of money.
One of the book's central concerns is how money can be wrested from the domination and mismanagement of banks and governments and restored to its fundamental position as the "claim upon society" described by Georg Simmel. But rather than advancing yet another critique of the state-based monetary system, The Social Life of Money draws out the utopian aspects of money and the ways in which its transformation could in turn transform society, politics, and economics. The book also identifies the contributions of thinkers who have not previously been thought of as monetary theorists--including Nietzsche, Benjamin, Bataille, Deleuze and Guattari, Baudrillard, Derrida, and Hardt and Negri. The result provides new ways of thinking about money that seek not only to understand it but to change it.
【简 介】This clear and engaging book provides a concise overview of the Ming-Qing epoch (1368–1912), China’s last imperial age. Beginning with the end of the Mongol domination of China in 1368, this five-century period was remarkable for its continuity and stability until its downfall in the Revolution of 1911. Viewing the Ming and Qing dynasties as a coherent era characterized by the fruition of diverse developments from earliest times, Jonathan Porter traces the growth of imperial autocracy, the role of the educated Confucian elite as custodians of cultural authority, the significance of ritual as the grounding of political and social order, the tension between monarchy and bureaucracy in political discourse, the evolution of Chinese cultural identity, and the perception of the “barbarian” and other views of the world beyond China. As the climax of traditional Chinese history and the harbinger of modern China in the twentieth century, Porter argues that imperial China must be explored for its own sake as well as for the essential foundation it provides in understanding contemporary China, and indeed world history writ large.
【简 介】Global Media Giants takes an in-depth look at how media corporate power works globally, regionally, and nationally, investigating the ways in which the largest and most powerful media corporations in the world wield power. Case studies examine not only some of the largest media corporations (News Corp., The Microsoft Corporation) in terms of revenues, but also media corporations that hold considerable power within national, regional, or geolinguistic contexts (Televisa, The Bertelsmann Group, Sony Corporation). Each chapter approaches a different corporation through the lens of economy, politics, and culture, giving students and scholars a thoughtful and data-driven guide with which to interrogate contemporary media industry power.
A Short History of Medicine
【作 者】Erwin H. Ackerknecht
【出版社】Johns Hopkins University Press; revised and expanded edition edition (March 14, 2016)
【索书号】R-09 /A182(re) /E
【简 介】Erwin H. Ackerknecht’s A Short History of Medicine is a concise narrative, long appreciated by students in the history of medicine, medical students, historians, and medical professionals as well as all those seeking to understand the history of medicine.
Covering the broad sweep of discoveries from parasitic worms to bacilli and x-rays, and highlighting physicians and scientists from Hippocrates and Galen to Pasteur, Koch, and Roentgen, Ackerknecht narrates Western and Eastern civilization’s work at identifying and curing disease. He follows these discoveries from the library to the bedside, hospital, and laboratory, illuminating how basic biological sciences interacted with clinical practice over time. But his story is more than one of laudable scientific and therapeutic achievement. Ackerknecht also points toward the social, ecological, economic, and political conditions that shape the incidence of disease. Improvements in health, Ackerknecht argues, depend on more than laboratory knowledge: they also require that we improve the lives of ordinary men and women by altering social conditions such as poverty and hunger.
This revised and expanded edition includes a new foreword and concluding biographical essay by Charles E. Rosenberg, Ackerknecht’s former student and a distinguished historian of medicine. A new bibliographic essay by Lisa Haushofer explores recent scholarship in the history of medicine.
Economics in the Twenty-First Century: A Critical Perspective
【作 者】Robert Chernomas, Ian Hudson
【出版社】University of Toronto Press (May 20, 2016)
【索书号】F0 /C521 /E
【简 介】 Economics has always been nicknamed the “dismal science,” but today the field seems a little more dismal than usual as governments, social movements, and even students complain that the discipline is failing to make sense of the major economic problems of the day.
In Economics in the Twenty-First Century, Robert Chernomas and Ian Hudson demonstrate how today’s top young economists continue to lead the field in the wrong direction. The recent winners of the John Bates Clark medal, economics’s “baby Nobel,” have won that award for studying important issues such as economic development, income inequality, crime, and health. Examining their research, Chernomas and Hudson show that this work focuses on individual choice, ignores the systematic role of power in the economic system, and leads to solutions that are of limited effectiveness at best and harmful at worst.
An accessible summary of the latest debates in economics, Economics in the Twenty-First Century takes on what is missing from mainstream economics, why it matters, and how the discipline can better address the key concerns of our era.